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8/13/2019
Cystic fibrosis is a progressive genetic disorder that leads to mucus accumulation in the lungs, pancreas, and other organs. Patients with cystic fibrosis are at an increased risk of respiratory infections as well as pancreatic insufficiency and intestinal inflammation. Probiotics might support respiratory and digestive health in patients with cystic fibrosis by exerting immunomodulatory effects or interfering with biofilm formation.

8/6/2019
The rise in obesity has paralleled the increased industrialization of processed foods. Ultra-processed foods have become common worldwide and make up the majority of calories consumed in the United States. Ultra-processed foods are typically high in calories, salt, sugar, and fat but low in essential nutrients. Some are engineered to disrupt normal appetite control.

7/30/2019
Obesity has been associated with poorer cognitive function, including poorer hippocampal function. One potential mechanism related to both obesity and hippocampal function may be related to decreased intake and neural concentration of lutein. Lutein is a carotenoid that accumulates in neural tissue at concentrations up to 5 times more than other carotenoids. Lutein has been found to influence hippocampal-dependent memory performance, possibly via its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.

7/23/2019
Antibiotics alter the microbial balance of the intestines and can lead to antibiotic-associated diarrhea. To assess the efficacy and safety of probiotics for the prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea in children, researchers conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. The analysis was published in 2019 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

7/16/2019
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance and hyperglycemia, which contribute to the formation of reactive oxygen species, increased platelet aggregation, and a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Multiple nutritional supplements have been evaluated in the context of type 2 diabetes, including alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), carnosine, and thiamine.

7/9/2019
Fatigue is one of the most common consequences of chronic illnesses or the treatment of chronic illnesses. Many individuals attempt to improve their energy by using natural products, with one of the most popular products being ginseng. Both Asian ginseng root (Panax ginseng) and American ginseng root (Panax quinquefolius) contain ginsenosides, which have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and cortisol-modulating effects.

7/2/2019
During an acute allergic reaction, production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) contributes to an inflammatory cascade and histamine release. Vitamin C (ascorbate) might mitigate the allergic cascade by counteracting oxidative stress and reducing histamine. Intravenous (IV) administration of vitamin C is the most effective way to elevate the plasma concentration of ascorbate and is often used as a complementary treatment in the management of inflammatory diseases.

6/25/2019
Atopic dermatitis, characterized by recurrent eczematous skin lesions, has increased in recent years to affect between 10% and 20% of children worldwide. The pathophysiology of atopic dermatitis involves skin barrier dysfunction and abnormal immune responses—both of which are influenced by vitamins A and D.

6/18/2019
Sepsis is associated with organ failure and a high mortality rate in intensive care units (ICUs). Depletion of vitamin C is common in patients with sepsis because of the scavenging of free radicals, and its depletion correlates inversely with survival. Intravenous (IV) vitamin C has recently been explored in clinical trials as a therapeutic option for critically ill patients with sepsis.

6/11/2019
Olive oil contains numerous bioactive compounds that exert antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, including monounsaturated oleic acid and phenolic compounds (e.g., oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol). Although present in lower concentrations, triterpenic acids (e.g., oleanolic acid and maslinic acid) have also demonstrated antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Previously studied only in cellular and animal models, the health benefits of olive oil triterpenes were first evaluated in humans in the NUTRAOLEUM study.

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